Test your Understanding
The League of Nations
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Why was the League of Nations set up in 1919?
Because Wilson wanted it more than anything else.
What Treaty set up the League of Nations
Treaty of Versailles
What were the four aims of the League of Nations?
mprove people's lives and jobs
nforce the Treaty of Versailles
What happened when Wilson went back home to America?
The Senate refused to join the League or ratify the Treaty of Versailles
Why did the Americans not want to join the League of Nations?
Many Americans were German immigrants and hated the Treaty of Versailles
Americans did not want to get involved in European affairs because it might involve Americans dying in a war.
Americans did not want to get involved in European affairs because it might cost money
Many Americans were anti-British and hated the British Empire (the American revolution had been to get out of the British Empire)
How many countries joined the League of Nations in 1919?
How many members did the League have in the 1930s?
Name three powerful countries which were not members of the League.
Why was Russia not a member of the League?
A Communist country, hated Britain and France
Why was Germany not a member of the League?
Not allowed to join by the Treaty of Versailles
Who were the four main members of the League?
What four powers did the League have to enforce its decisions? Explain them.
What did the League NOT have which made it hard for it to enforce its decisions?
What were the eight main parts of the League’s organisation?
ourt of International Justice
nternational Labour Organisation
How many times a year did the League’s ‘Assembly’ meet?
once a year
How many times a year did the ‘Council’ meet?
4-5 times a year, and when necessary
What did the ‘Court of International Justice’ do?
settled small disputes
What did the ‘Health Committee’ of the League do?
tried to improve the health of the people of the world
What did the ‘Slavery Committee’ of the League do?
Tried to free all slaves
What did the ‘Refugee Committee’ of the League do?
tried to get refugees home, or into camps
What was the job of the Secretariat’?
To organise the work of the committees, and liaise between them
Which two countries were involved in the Corfu dispute of 1923?
Italy and Greece
Who was the leader of Italy?
Which two countries were involved in the Bulgaria incident of 1925?
Bulgaria and Greece
How many prisoners of war did the League get home?
Half a million
In which country did the League set up a refugee camp?
Which two diseases did the League try to destroy?
leprosy and malaria
How did the League try to say no to drugs?
Closed down 4 Swiss drugs companies
How many slaves did the League set free?
Which two countries did the League send economics experts to?
Austria and Hungary
What did the Kellogg-Briand Pact promise in 1928?
To abolish war
How did Britain and France make Germany pay reparations in 1921?
Invaded the Ruhr
What did the League try to arrange at its disarmament conference?
All nations to reduce their weapons
Why did the Disarmament Conference of 1931 fail?
Hitler demanded equality with the other countries
Which country broke the Treaty of Versailles by attacking Russia in 1920?
What did the League’s ‘International Labour Organisation’ try to do?
Which country invaded Manchuria in 1931?
What was the ‘economic depression’ of the 1930s?
Wall Street (the US Stock Market) crashed
USA called in loans
Factories closed down
People out of work/ starved
Why didn’t France and Britain try to force Japan to leave Manchuria?
Did not want to go to war
Which country did Italy invade in 1935?
What did Britain and France secretly agree with Italy?
to let Italy have Abyssinia
What effect did the League’s failures in Manchuria and Abyssinia have?
Destroyed confidence in it
Many countries left
List seven reasons the League failed.