Back   After 1919: Dates List

18 Jan 1919            Paris Peace Conference begins.

14 Apr 1919            Reparations provisionally set at £5.4 billion

21 Jun 1919            Germans scuttle their fleet, at Scapa Flow, rather than hand it over to the Allies.

28 Jun 1919            Treaty of Versailles signed (reparations set at £1 billion).

12 Sep 1919            Gabriele d’Annunzio and an Italian army seize Fiume, against the Treaty,

19 Nov 1919           US Senate refuses to join the League of Nations.


16 Jan 1920            First meeting of the League of Nations.

5 Feb 1920              The German government refuses to hand over 890 alleged ‘war criminals’.

19 Feb 1920            US Senate refuses to sign the Treaty of Versailles.

17 Mar 1920            Kapp Putsch (rebellion) in Germany, against the peace treaty, fails.

6 Apr 1920              French troops invade Ruhr in Germany (until 17 May 1920) after the German government had sent troops into the Rhineland to stop rioting.

25 April 1920           Poland invades Russia and Lithuania and takes land east of the ‘Curzon line’ agreed in the Treaty of Versailles.

25 April 1920           The League of Nations suggests reparations of £4.5 billion.

22 Jun 1920            The League of Nations suggests reparations of £12.5 billion.

28 Jul 1920              The Allies bully Poland into accepting Czech occupation of Teschen.


28 Jan 1921            The League of Nations suggests reparations of £10 billion.

8 Mar 1921              French, British and Belgian troops invade the Ruhr in Germany (until 30 Sep 1921) to force Germany to pay reparations.

27 April 1921            Reparations finally fixed at £6.6 billion, to be paid in instalments until 1988.

11 May 1921           Germany agrees to pay reparations.

11 Jul 1921              The ‘Big Three’ agree to hold a disarmament conference.


15 May 1922           Upper Silesia, which had voted in a plebiscite to be German, is partitioned and given to Poland after an investigation by the League of Nations.

26 Jul 1922              An economic crisis in Germany (until 1924). Britain and France agree to a 6 months delay in reparations payments.


11 Jan 1923            French and Belgian troops, against US and Britain’s advice, invade the Ruhr in Germany (until Nov 1924) to force Germany to pay reparations.

21 Jan 1923            The German miners go on strike against the French invasion, which deepens the economic crisis in Germany.

21 Oct 1923             Bavaria and Rhineland declare independence from Germany (Germany is falling apart).

8–9 Nov 1923         Hitler’s Munich Putsch fails.


9 Apr 1924              The Dawes Plan gives Germany longer to pay reparations, and grants huge loans to get the German economy going.

2 Dec 1924              Trade Treaty between Britain and Germany.


16 Oct 1925             Locarno Pact: peace agreement between Fr., Br., Belgium, Italy & Germany.


30 Jan 1926            British troops leave the Rhineland.

5 Aug 1926              France and Germany sign a trade agreement.

8 Sep 1926              Germany admitted to the League of Nations.


16 Sep 1927            German President Hindenburg denies German War Guilt; nothing is done.


27 Aug 1928            Kellogg-Briand Pact: 65 nations (inc. Fr/Br/USA/Ger) promise to abolish war.


7 Jun 1929              The Young Plan reduces reparations.

24 Oct 1929             Wall Street Crash; USA recalls all loans, causing an economic crisis in Europe.


30 Jun 1930            Last Allied troops leave the Rhineland.


13 Jul 1931              German economic crisis – all banks have to close (until 5 Aug 1931). USA, France and Britain give Germany a huge loan.


9 Jul 1932                Lausanne Agreement: USA, France and Britain agree to suspend all reparations payments indefinitely.