THE MANCHURIAN CRISIS
NOTES FROM ELLON ACADEMY
These notes were published on the web 2005 to 2009. They went down in 2009 and are reproduced here:
19 September 1931:
Mediation was brushed aside by the Japanese.
27 March 1933
Japan withdrew from the League.
League had failed to restrain Japan. In the face of aggression it had done little.
League did not apply either economic or military sanctions.
League gained a reputation for powerlessness in the face of a major power that chose to defy it.
Small-power confidence in the League and collective security were shaken.
Aggression had been encouraged.
Failure of the League to stand up to Japan's aggression in Manchuria seems inexcusable.
Historians today generally do not consider the failure to stop Japan during 1931-2 caused the downfall of the League. It showed the weakness of the organisation.
Once Hitler came to power in 1933, Germany not Japan, seemed the more likely threat to peace.