opening sentence sets the scene, saying:
'There were five long-term causes of the First World War
and a number of events which created a 'climate for war' by 1914.'
outlines the first point:
first long term cause of the war was the poor quality
of governments in Europe at the time.
Turkey was falling apart - the 'sick man of Europe'.
Austria-Hungary - the 'polyglot' empire - was in
danger from growing Panslavism in the Balkans. Wilhelm II
of Germany was unpredictable and confrontational. Nicholas
II of Russia was dominated by Rasputin - the 'mad monk' - and had just been defeated
in a war by Japan (1904).'
... and then explains
how these bad governments made war more likely
was thus in large part ruled by weak, stupid
autocrats - mad or bad - who still worked by the
old rules of dynastic ambition, and who didn't
need or think to care about what was best for
their people. War was far more likely
in a Europe like that - Emil Ludwig believed that
Europe was hounded into war by '
few dozen incapable leaders'.'
second paragraph deals with
Start with the words: 'Secondly,
nationalism created a climate for war. The
British sang Rule Britannia and the Germans Deutschland uber Alles. The French
wanted revenge for their defeat by Germany in 1870. Meanwhile,
in the Balkans wanted to rule themselves (e.g. the Serbs in
Now YOU can
how nationalism created a 'climate for war'
And, finally, end with a paragraph making a
general point summarising what you think.
with the words: 'Overall,