Munich Agreement was the agreement signed on
is a whole section on the website on the
talks with Hitler over the
The four leaders met at
on 29 Sept. The Russians
(who had guaranteed
At the meeting, Hitler repeated his Godesberg demands. Mussolini said that he had written down a ‘practical solution to the problem’. In fact, the ‘practical solution’ was Hitler’s Godesberg demands, and ‘Mussolini’s’ ‘compromise’ had been drafted for him the night before by the German Foreign Office in Berlin.
Chamberlain and Daladier accepted the Mussolini ‘compromise’. They gave Hitler everything he wanted. Daladier even promised that he would make sure the Czechs did not delay in evacuating.
it was not actually signed until
on 30 Sept, the Munich Agreement was dated 29 Sept.
It promised that the Czech army would pull back from the
‘German’ areas of
In the end, the Germans took much more land than had ever been
Czech representatives were allowed to sit in the room next door – this
was the most Chamberlain could get Hitler to agree to.
The two men sat alone until
, when Chamberlain’s adviser Horace Wilson gave them the bad news.
One of the Czechs asked whether
next day, Chamberlain visited Hitler again.
He asked him to promise not to bomb
regard the agreement signed last night as symbolic of the desire of our
two people never to go to war with each other again’
It is interesting to read now what Hitler had signed – he had not
signed a promise not to go to war.
He had signed only that he did not WANT (desire) to go to war
again. In fact,
privately, the day before, he and Mussolini had agreed that they would
have to fight ‘side by side’ against
is interesting that the German generals believed that, if there had been a
war in 1938, the German army would have been easily defeated.
It is sometimes said that Chamberlain gave
The next day, the Czech Foreign Minister Dr Krofta met the British, French and Italian Foreign Ministers. He said: ‘Today it is our turn, tomorrow it will be the turn of others’ and told them to get out.