Test your Understanding
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- What were the 3 aims of Hitler’s Foreign Policy?
- To abolish the Treaty of Versailles
- To expand German territory
- To defeat Communism
- What was Lebensraum?
- 'Living space' - room for the growing German population, especially in eastern Europe.
- What was Anschluss?
- 'Union' - specifically between Germany and Austria
- What were the eight steps to war, 1935–1939?
- Saar (1935)
- Rearmament (1933 onwards)
- Rhineland (7 March 1936)
- Austria (11 March 1938)
- Sudetenland (1 October 1938)
- Czechoslovakia (15 March 1939)
- Nazi-Soviet Pact (23 August 1939)
- Poland (1 September 1939)
- What is conscription?
- Calling up men to join the army.
- What date did Hitler introduce conscription in Germany?
- When did Hitler reoccupy the Rhineland?
- How many soldiers did Hitler’s army have when he reoccupied the Rhineland, and what were their orders?
- 22,000; they had orders to retreat if the French tried to stop them.
- What did Chamberlain give Hitler at Munich?
- The Sudetenland - the Czechs were not consulted.
- What was the date of the Munich agreement?
- When did Hitler invade Poland?
- When did Britain declare war on Germany?
- What was ‘appeasement’?
- Giving a bully what he wants - specifically, buying peace by giving Hitler everything he wanted.
- Give an example of someone who agreed with Chamberlain’s policy.
- The Daily Express
- Most of the British people
- The French premier Daladier
- Give an example of someone who disagreed with Chamberlain’s policy.
- What date did Hitler invade Austria?
- During the Sudeten crisis, Chamberlain met Hitler on three occasions – where, and when?
- Berchtesgaden (15 September 1938)
- Bad Godesberg (22 September 1938)
- Munich (29 September 1938)
- Why did Chamberlain decide not to help Czecholsovakia?
- it was 'a far away country' - 'You only have to look at the map to see that nothing we could do could possibly save Czechoslovakia'
- it was a quarrel 'between peoples of whom we know nothing'
- 'War is a fearful thing, and we must be very clear before we embark on it that it is really the great issues which are at stake'.
- 'I am myself a man of peace to the depths of my soul'.
- What were FIVE main reasons why Chamberlain appeased Hitler?
- Some British people approved of Hitler's policies.
- The British people hoped that a strong Germany would stop the growth of Communist Russia.
- Many people felt that events in Europe were not Britain's business.
- Many British people wanted peace.
- Many British people agreed with Hitler that the Treaty of Versailles was unfair.
- What did Chamberlain call the Munich agreement?
- What did Churchill call it?
- When did Hitler march into the Sudetenland?
- When did Hitler invade the rest of Czechoslovakia?
- What was Kristallnacht, and why did it turn British people away from appeasement?
- Nazi attacks on the Jews (8 November 1938) - it showed that Hitler was a monster.
- What was the ‘National register’, which was set up in December 1938?
- A register of who would do what if there was a war
- What were Londoners given in January to prepare them for war?
- Anderson air-raid shelters
- What did the Civil Defence Act of April 1939 say?
- It made plans to evacuate women and children to the countryside.
- What was the act which introduced conscription in England, and what date was it passed?
- The Military Training Act (1 May 1939)
- What was the name of the alliance between Mussolini and Hitler?
- Pact of Steel (22 May 1939)
- What was the date of the Nazi-Soviet Pact?
- Give four reasons why Britain did not manage to make an alliance with Russia?
- Britain delayed
- Give four reasons why Germany did manage to make an alliance with Russia?
- Time to prepare for war
- Hope to gain
- Unhappy with Britain